Driven by pressure from its citizens, the Ontario government recently deemed that community gardens are an essential source of fresh food. Sustainable Merrickville-Wolford members were among the thousands of voices calling their attention to the importance of this sustainable local food source. Merrickville’s community gardens are run by the local Lions Club.
If you have an interest in food security, come out and join one of our meetings or events or contact us any time.
Not only does planting a garden ensure a source of nutritious and delicious food, it also benefits our mental, physical, and emotional health. This year, especially, we have seen just how complex and potentially vulnerable our food supply can be, and we are placing an even greater importance on locally grown food.
So why not get your hands dirty and plant a garden? While you are in the planning stages consider joining the grow-a-row movement and sharing the bounty of your harvest with your neighbours or the local food bank.
If you are new to gardening, this page will give you some resources for starting out. As the season progresses, we will add some information about food preservation.
Getting StartedGardens don’t have to be complex or labour intensive or even take up a lot of space. You can start with something as simple as buying a few tomato plants and putting them in a container on your porch. But if you are feeling a little more ambitious, here are some basics.
- Mother Earth News is a great resource full of interesting articles. They also have a ‘garden planner’ that allows you to easily design your own garden. You can use your address to find the last and first frost date for your area and learn when to plant plants indoors, outdoors, and rough harvest windows.
- Just Food provides a comprehensive Garden Guide with lots of tips from starting seeds to pest control and composting to harvesting all geared to our local environment.
- The Farmer’s Almanac also has lots of good information.
Testing your soil
Understanding your soil is fundamental to the success of your garden - knowing what will grow well in your natural conditions and how to treat your soil to maximize its potential.
The best way to get a real soil test is to take numerous samples and send it in to the nearest testing facility. The Ontario Government has a list of accredited soil testing labs.
However, for a rough idea of what kind of soil you may be working with, i.e., sandy, loamy, clay, etc. Collect some soil and put into a jar. Fill that jar with water and shake it! Once the soil settles, it will settle separated by the different soil layers: sand at the bottom, silt next, and clay at the top. Sandy soils will have a dominant sandy layer, silty loams will be more evenly split, and clay soils will have a thick clay layer. The LEAF Network has a good illustration to give you a general idea. This page also gives information on adjusting the pH or acidity level of your soil.
It’s always a good idea to support your local seed companies when looking for the perfect seed for your garden. It’s also a good idea to stay local because you know that the seeds you buy from a local company are great for your climate! Once you pick your seeds for this season, let a couple plants go to seed and save your own for next year. Over the years you will develop seed that is very specific to your garden’s little microclimate.
Seed swaps are another great way to get local seeds. It’s the perfect opportunity to chat with other growers and find seeds you didn’t even think of growing. Most seed swaps take place in late March or early April.To find a good seed company, you can refer to the Canadian Organic Growers Seed Directory or check out some of the recommendations from our members:
- Bear Root Gardens - Verona
- Cleary Feed and Seed - Spencerville
- Gaia Organics - Kanata
- Greta’s Organic Gardens - Ottawa
- Heritage Harvest Seed - Manitoba
- High Mowing Organic Seeds - Vermont
- Johnny’s Selected Seeds - Maine
- Kitchen Table Seed House - Kingston
- Ontario Seed Company - Kitchener
- Terra Edibles - Foxboro
- The Incredible Seed Co. - Nova Scotia
- TourneSol Co-operative Farm - Quebec
- West Coast Seeds - British Columbia
- William Dam Seeds - Hamilton
Most seed packets tell you when to start them (indoors or out) and how best to sow them for optimal growth. However, check out Mother Earth News Garden Planner or one of the other resources above to design your garden based on your location and chosen vegetables!
Choosing your plantsIf you are wondering what to grow, here are some plants that won’t leave you disappointed:
- Tomatoes - Full sun
- Zucchinis or other summer squash - Full sun
- Kale - Partial shade to full sun
- Basil - Full sun
- Spinach - Partial shade to full sun, cool season
- Mint - Shade to full sun
- Radishes - Partial shade to full sun
- Potatoes - Full sun
- Cucumbers - Full sun
- Peppers - Full sun
- Lettuce - Partial shade to full sun
- Sunflowers - Full sun
Did you know that cucumbers grow well with peas and lettuce, but that you should avoid planting them next to your basil or potatoes?
Companion planting is a method of planting different crops close together to improve pollination, productivity, pest control, and to encourage beneficial insects, among other things.Some other classic partnerships include, but are not limited to:
- Tomatoes, basil and carrots
- Squash, beans, and corn
- Cauliflower and celery
- Beets and beans
- Dill and carrots
- Beets and pole beans
- Onions and peas or beans
- Tomatoes and potatoes or cabbage
Saving and donating your seeds
How to save seedsThe best process of collecting seeds varies widely depending on the type of plant. Seeds that grow in pods are not ready until the pod is brown, dry, and beginning to split open, while tomato seeds are best harvested by leaving them in a watery mush to ferment a little. The links below provide lots of detailed information to make sure that you provide seeds with the best potential to germinate.
Merrickville Seed Library
Sustainable Merrickville-Wolford and the Merrickville Public Library have teamed up to create a local seed library in time for spring planting in 2021.
A seed library is a place where local seeds are saved for gardeners to use in the spring. Then during harvest time those gardeners save some of their seeds for the library to use the following year. Seed libraries help promote and protect genetic diversity, local climate-adapted seed stock, self-sufficiency and community resilience through better food security. While typically focused on heirloom vegetable seeds, flowers and other seed stock may be collected as well, as a diversity of plants is key to a healthy garden.
If you grow a garden and are thinking about saving seeds this fall, consider donating to the Merrickville Seed Library!
How to donateDonations can be dropped off at the library anytime beginning in the fall. Please make sure that your seeds are clearly marked with the
- Year collected
- Type of plant and variety of plant (e.g., red cherry tomato; autumn beauty sunflower)
- Any extra information that may be helpful (how deep to plant seeds, when to start them, amount of sun, soil, etc.)
Donated seeds will be collected, organized, and can be picked up in the library in time for planting in the spring.
Other resourcesThere are many, many great books out there to help you. Be sure to check out the local library, but here are a couple of favorites to get you started:
- How to Grow More Vegetables by John Jeavons
- Carrots Love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte
Good luck with the start to your season and we will be back at harvest time to share some more tips.